Pulmonary contusion treatment

Pulmonary contusion - National Institutes of Healt

  1. The term 'pulmonary contusion' was coined by the French military surgeon, Dupuytren, in the nineteenth century . It was Smith, in 1840, who first described damage to the parenchyma of the lung as the cause of death in one of his patients . An increase in the number of pulmonary contusion cases can be linked to the more widespread use of explosives beginning mainly at the time of the First World War, when soldiers fell victim to pulmonary bleeding, resulting from blast injury, without.
  2. Background: Despite the prevalence and recognized association of pulmonary contusion and flail chest (PC-FC) as a combined, complex injury pattern with interrelated pathophysiology, the mortality and morbidity of this entity have not improved during the last three decades. The purpose of this updated EAST practice management guideline was to present evidence-based recommendations for the.
  3. How is a pulmonary contusion treated? Your treatment will depend on how severe your injury is. Healthcare providers will use different treatments to help you breathe easier and get enough oxygen into your body. You may need more than one of the following: Pain medicines help decrease your pain and make it easier for you to breathe. You may be given pain medicine as a shot, in your IV, or through an epidural (a small tube inserted into your back)
  4. Lung Contusion Treatment Many contusions don't require any specific therapy. The treatment is supportive in nature and/or based on the prevention of any additional problems while the bruise heals...
  5. istration of fluid therapy in individuals with pulmonary contusion is controversial. Excessive... Supportive care. Retaining secretions in the.
  6. There is no specific medication or treatment currently known to speed up the healing process of a lung contusion. Doctors typically recommend oxygen therapy to ease breathing
  7. g deep breathing exercises to improve airflow and speed up recovery

Diuretics decrease fluid overload in the body system and may be used in the treatment of pulmonary contusion to relax the smooth muscle of the pulmonary veins, thereby lowering pulmonary venous resistance and reducing pressure in the pulmonary capillaries Medicines: You may be given pain medicine to decrease your pain and make it easier for you to breathe. It may be given as a shot, in your IV, or through an epidural (a small tube inserted into your back). Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine Penetrating trauma, especially gunshot wounds, can lead to a pulmonary contusion, as well as other thoracic injury. Normal alveolar protective mechanisms are overwhelmed, resulting in disruption of lung tissue with alveolar hemorrhage and fluid sequestration 1. Injured lung leaks blood and plasma into alveoli, compliance is decreased and diffusion.

Radiographic clearing of pulmonary contusion is relatively rapid, and the signs of contusion have often resolved within 48 hours. By day 10-14 they should have resolved completely 3. If the consolidation increases a day or two after the traumatic injury, then superimposed aspiration, atelectasis and/or infection should be considered Protective garments can also prevent pulmonary contusion in explosions ; TREATMENT . Ventilation: mechanical ventilation may be required if pulmonary contusion causes inadequate oxygenation ; Fluid therapy: the administration of fluid therapy in individuals with pulmonary contusion is controversial Most pulmonary hematomas and contusions clear within 10 days, unless the lung becomes infected. Pulmonary contusions may be complicated by pneumothorax, hemothorax, or pleural effusion, all of which may require intercostal drainage Treatment / Management Most pulmonary contusions require supportive therapy until the contusion heals. Because contusions can gradually evolve over the first 24-48 hours after trauma, close monitoring is required. The goal of therapy is to prevent respiratory insufficiency, failure, and complications

Treatment of pulmonary contusion is initially supportive by maintaining euvolemia and by promoting pulmonary hygiene with incentive spirometry, chest physiotherapy, and nasotracheal suctioning. Noninvasive ventilation may be attempted prior to endotracheal ventilation in selected patients Haemodynamic, metabolic and clinical data were recorded in patients suffering from lung contusion following blunt chest trauma. The effects of large doses of methylprednisolone (30 mg per kg b.w.) were studied in 10 patients selected at random, and compared with 10 patients receiving no steroids, but who otherwise were treated in the same way A pulmonary contusion can make it difficult for the casualty to breathe. Pulmonary contusion is the bleeding or bruising of the lung tissue. This is usually caused by a blunt trauma to the chest, typically leading to pain and trouble breathing. The force from the trauma may result to bleeding and swelling inside one or both of the lungs Therapy for pulmonary contusion is supportive and includes oxygen and fluid therapy as needed to maintain adequate circulating volume. Some clinicians vividly recall dogs with pulmonary contusion that appeared to rapidly deteriorate following a large volume of intravenous crystalloids

Management of pulmonary contusion and flail chest: an

Treatment of Pulmonary Contusion Analgesics and oxygen therapy People are usually given pain relievers (analgesics) to lessen pain and thus help them breathe more easily. People may need oxygen therapy or sometimes mechanical ventilation to help with breathing while the injury heals Treating a bruised lung requires time as the lung tissue has to heal. There is no specified treatment or medication at present to speed up the healing of a pulmonary contusion. Doctors will commonly recommend oxygen therapy to help you breathe easier Introduction. Although management of patients with pulmonary contusion is supportive and conservative, traumatic lung contusion may cause life‐threatening complications and/or respiratory failure, including pneumonia, and adult respiratory distress syndrome with long‐term disability occurs frequently. 1 In addition to mechanical ventilation, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO. Treatment. A pulmonary contusion can also result in complications, such as a collapsed lung or chest bleeding. It may also go along with other chest injuries, such as broken ribs or lung laceration. These injuries can interfere with the ability to breathe properly. Without proper treatment, complications, such as pneumonia, may result

Lung Contusion. Lung contusion is the result of a sudden compression and decompression of lung tissue against the chest wall from a direct blunt (e.g., fall) or blast (e.g., air explosion) trauma. The compressive force causes shearing of the alveolar-capillary membrane and results in microhemorrhage, whereas the decompressive force causes a. A pulmonary contusion is a bruise of a lung, which causes bleeding and swelling. People have pain, usually due to the chest wall injury, and often feel short of breath. Doctors make the diagnosis with a chest x-ray. Treatment is with oxygen and sometimes a ventilator to support breathing until the bruise heals Pulmonary dysfunction associated with a contusion may take 24-48 hr to develop as fluid accumulates in the air spaces. Serial reevaluations daily may be needed to detect worsening tachypnea and tachycardia. Get emergency follow-up evaluation if delayed deterioration occurs rapidly Pulmonary Contusion. A pulmonary contusion is a bruise of a lung, which causes bleeding and swelling. People have pain, usually due to the chest wall injury, and often feel short of breath. Doctors make the diagnosis with a chest x-ray. Treatment is with oxygen and sometimes a ventilator to support breathing until the bruise heals

Pulmonary Contusion - What You Need to Kno

Pulmonary contusion (PC) in turn is the most common injury identified in the setting of blunt thoracic trauma, occurring in 30% to 75% of all cases. [1] Isolated PC may occur consequent to explosion injury, but most patients with multiple injuries have concurrent injury to the chest wall. [2] Conversely, flail chest (FC), the most severe form. Treatment. A pulmonary contusion can also result in complications, such as a collapsed lung or chest bleeding. It may also go along with other chest injuries, such as broken ribs or lung laceration. These injuries can interfere with the ability to breathe properly. Without proper treatment, complications, such as pneumonia, may result If you are experiencing chest pain and coughing up blood after a traumatic incident or a car crash, you may have a pulmonary contusion. Make sure you are examined and diagnosed by a medical doctor immediately. You may be able to pursue compensation for damages such as medical bills, pain and suffering, permanent injury or disability, costs of physical therapy and rehabilitation, lost wages. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM. Thoracic injury and the ensuing complications are responsible for as much as 25% of blunt trauma mortality. 1 Pulmonary contusion (PC) in turn is the most common injury identified in the setting of blunt thoracic trauma, occurring in 30% to 75% of all cases. 1 Isolated PC may occur consequent to explosion injury, but most patients with multiple injuries have concurrent.

Pulmonary contusion - Wikipedia

For a more severe chest contusion, such as a myocardial or pulmonary contusion, treatment is prescribed based on results of various diagnostic tests and also on the patient's symptoms Pulmonary Contusion Complications Generally, there are some casual pulmonary contusion complications which the patient may encounter during as well as after the treatment. However, there are more possibilities of pneumonia and ARDS that are usually critical complications of Pulmonary Contusion. On the other side, sometimes this lung trauma. Pulmonary contusion (PC) is a common consequence of blunt trauma to the chest. PC occurs in 30-75% of cases of chest trauma, and in many cases this is further complicated by severe bone injuries of the chest wall. Despite much research into the subject, mortality and morbidity has not significantly improved in the past three decades

Pulmonary contusion is characterized by microhemorrhages (tiny bleeds) that occur when the alveoli are traumatically separated from airway structures and blood vessels. [24] Blood initially collects in the interstitial space, and then edema occurs by an hour or two after injury. [30 Successful treatment of pulmonary contusion following chest trauma using poly-2-methoxyethyl acrylate, a biocompatible polymer surface coating for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Taihei Yamada, Takaaki Osako, Hiroyuki Sakata, Kazutoshi Kuboyama, Keinichi Matsuda, Ayana Okamoto, Atsunori Nakao, and Joji Kotan Pulmonary contusion is defined as pulmonary parenchymal damage with edema and hemorrhage, in the absence of an associated laceration of a large pulmonary vessel. EPIDEMIOLOGY While thoracic injury in children is uncommon, occurring in only 4 to 8 percent of injured children identified through trauma registries or as patients at trauma centers. A pulmonary contusion can also result in complications, such as a collapsed lung or chest bleeding. It may also go along with other chest injuries, such as broken ribs or lung laceration. These injuries can interfere with the ability to breathe properly. Without proper treatment, complications, such as pneumonia, may result

Pulmonary contusions, pneumothorax, and hemothorax occur in 30% to 50% of patients with severe blunt chest trauma managed in trauma centers. 4 , 11 , 1 3- 17 Diaphragmatic tears secondary to blunt trauma are uncommon, but they have potential for delayed complications (eg, diaphragmatic hernia) if not identified nary contusions, and treatment usually involves oxygen therapy, supportive care, rest, and treatment of other trauma-related prob-lems. Bronchodilator drugs may be helpful in some cases. Fluid therapy is often administered to animals in shock. When pulmonary contusions are suspected, the rate of fluid therapy mus

Bruised Ribs (Rib contusion): symptoms, therapy, duration. A contusion of the ribs, (bruised ribs) is a blunt, closed injury to the bony ribcage, for example as a result of a fall or blow. Often it is a sports injury. But also a fall on the stairs or in the bathroom often causes a contusion of the ribs. Pain is the main symptom of this injury Pulmonary contusion is trauma-induced lung hemorrhage and edema without laceration. (See also Overview of Thoracic Trauma .) Pulmonary contusion is a common and potentially lethal chest injury that results from significant blunt or penetrating chest trauma. Patients may have associated rib fracture, pneumothorax, or other chest injuries

Lung Contusion: Treatment & Recovery Time - Video & Lesson

The treatment is supportive. Here were a few points I learned from these two cases: There are no pathognomonic features for pulmonary contusion on CXR. The same increased density of tissue and alveolar consolidation can occur with pneumonia, aspiration, or pulmonary infarction. It is the context of trauma that defines the appearance as contusion Pulmonary contusions consist of pulmonary interstitial and alveolar hemorrhage and edema associated with blunt chest trauma, usually after a compression-decompression injury of the thoracic cage. Such injury is most commonly associated with motor vehicle trauma 1 and high-rise falls 2 in cats in urban areas adequate pulmonary toilet, appropriate fluid replacement, pain management, and management of the unstable chest wall. Scientific evidence to direct treatment is woefully inade-quate. A recent publication reviewing management guide-lines found no Level 1 recommendations for flail chest and pulmonary contusion.15 Level 2 recommendations consiste

The mechanism of pulmonary contusion is most probably the consequence of alveolar damage and alveolar strain accompanied by the alveoli being torn away from the bronchi and dislocated leading to a reduction of breathing surface ( 17 ). Lung contusion is an injury to the lung tissue without actual structural damage Pulmonary contusions are the most common pulmonary injury and occur in 17% to 70% of blunt chest trauma patients, most commonly from motor vehicle collisions or falls from height. A pulmonary contusion results from injury to the alveolar wall and pulmonary vessels, allowing blood to leak into the alveolar and interstitial spaces of the lung http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is PULMONARY CONTUSION? What does PULMONARY CONTUSION mean? PULMONARY CONTUSION meaning - PULMONARY CONTUSION de.. Treatment of Pulmonary Contusions in Cats Oxygen support is crucial in the treatment of pulmonary contusions. Since the lungs are unable to function fully, additional oxygen can help lessen their burden and reduce the amount of work required by the lungs. Pain control is important since breathing rates generally increase with pain and increased.

Pulmonary contusion - Wikipedi

Chest trauma is a blunt or penetrating injury of the thoracic cavity that can result in a potentially life-threatening situation secondary to hemothorax, pneumothorax, tension pneumothorax, flail chest, pulmonary contusion, myocardial contusion, and/or cardiac tamponade. This care plan focuses on acute care in the hospital setting Sixty-two cases of pulmonary contusion (PC) were treated in 3½ years. Of the last 37 patients, routinely treated with positive pressure ventilation (PPV), seven died, whereas of the first 25, in whom PPV was not routinely used from the outset, 12 died. The two groups were comparable in age, degree.. A pulmonary contusion is caused by a very strong blunt force driving into the chest, causing disruption of the lung and pulmonary tissues (bruised lung). Unlike a pulmonary laceration, a contusion does not involve a tear of the lung. How do you prevent a pulmonary contusion? Wearing rib pads in contact sport can help prevent this condition A pulmonary contusion (or lung contusion ) is a contusion ( bruise ) of the lung , caused by chest trauma . As a result of damage to capillaries , blood and other fluids accumulate in the lung tissue. The excess fluid interferes with gas exchange , potentially leading to inadequate oxygen levels ( hypoxia ). Unlike pulmonary laceration , another type of lung injury, pulmonary contusion does.

Blunt trauma is most commonly due to motor vehicle accidents and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in all age groups. The most common signs of significant abdominal trauma are pain, irritation. The patterns of chest injury are highly dependent on the intensity of the trauma and may vary from harmless Pulmonary contusion is a life-threatening condition, mainly because the onset of symptoms is insidious. Also, since the force required to produce lung contusion must be great, the lesion is likely to occur principally in cases of highspeed accidents, falls from great heights, and injuries by high-velocity bullets Pulmonary contusion and flail chest are the two most common anatomic complications of major blunt chest trauma. Each will directly alter pulmonary physiology in a specific and unique fashion, and thus contribute to pulmonary dysfunction and failure after trauma. Pulmonary contusion was probably first described by Morgagni in the 18th century.

Bruised Lung (Pulmonary Contusion): Causes, Symptoms, and

Pulmonary Contusion answers are found in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web Pulmonary contusion in contact sports is rarely reported, and to date there are only four reports in the medical literature, all involving football players (Table). 1-3 It is the most common injury associated with blunt chest trauma. 4 The few reports in contact sports are surprising considering the number of participants and may reflect either. Pulmonary contusion is the bruising of the canine's lung tissue. Pulmonary contusion occurs when blunt or impact trauma to the chest causes bleeding and inflammation inside one or both lungs. Pulmonary Contusion Average Cost. From 535 quotes ranging from $500 - $5,000. Average Cost. $1,200

Treatment of Pulmonary Contusion to Dogs. Treatment will depend on the severity of the contusions. Common treatments include: Oxygen support is crucial in the treatment of pulmonary contusions. Since the lungs are unable to function fully, additional oxygen can help lessen their burden and reduce the amount of work required by the lungs 2. PULMONARY CONTUSION Pulmonary contusion is an injury to lung parenchyma, leading to oedema and blood collecting in alveolar spaces and loss of normal lung structure & function. Pulmonary contusions are a frequent complication of chest trauma and may have serious morbidity and mortality associated with them. Early recognition, aggressive. The treatment of the diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage includes immunosuppressants (for those who suffer from different autoimmune conditions) and respiratory support (in more severe cases, if necessary). Localized Pulmonary Hemorrhage. The localized pulmonary hemorrhage is a form of hemorrhage that occurs in a particular focal region of the lungs What treatment is needed for severe pulmonary contusion? aggressive treatment to reverse the process of progressive alveolar damage and muscle fatigue- may need mechanical ventilation What do fractures of ribs 1-4 have the potential to cause

Activity Description. Pulmonary contusions are lung injuries commonly sustained during cases of blunt chest trauma. These traumatic lung injuries result in impaired gas exchange, AV shunting, and decreased lung compliance. This article reviews the evaluation and treatment of pulmonary contusions and highlights the role an interprofessional team. A pulmonary laceration is a chest injury in which lung tissue is torn or cut. An injury that is potentially more serious than pulmonary contusion, pulmonary laceration involves disruption of the architecture of the lung, while pulmonary contusion does not. Pulmonary laceration is commonly caused by penetrating trauma but may also result from forces involved in blunt trauma such as shear stress massive pulmonary contusion and hemorrhage successfully treated with multiple treatment modalities: a case report Futoshi Nagashima*†, Satoshi Inoue† and Miho Ohta Abstract Background: The mortality rate is very high for patients with severe multiple trauma with massive pulmonary contusion containing intrapulmonary hemorrhage The mortality rate is very high for patients with severe multiple trauma with massive pulmonary contusion containing intrapulmonary hemorrhage. Multiple treatment modalities are needed not only for a prevention of cardiac arrest and quick hemostasis against multiple injuries, but also for recovery of oxygenation to save the patient's life. A 48-year-old Japanese woman fell down stairs that. Specifically in the age group 65 years and older, consider admission for patients age ≥85 years, or with initial systolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg, hemothorax, pneumothorax, 3 or more unilateral rib fractures, or pulmonary contusion. Admission may also allow for observation for occult intra-abdominal organ injury

Treatment recommended for ALL patients in selected patient group. Pneumothorax occurs in about 14% to 37% of rib fractures, haemopneumothorax in 20% to 27%, pulmonary contusions in 17%, and a flail chest in up to 6%. Sirmali M, Türüt H, Topçu S, et al. A comprehensive analysis of traumatic rib fractures: morbidity, mortality and management Pulmonary contusion in dogs and cats is caused by blunt trauma and is a common finding in animals that have been hit by cars. Hemorrhage into the interstitium and alveoli occurs, usually in localized regions of the lungs. Pneumothorax, hemothorax, and rib fractures can also occur.Thoracic involvement should be considered in any animal with evidence of severe trauma, even if there are no. Pulmonary contusion, or a hemorrhage of the lung, occurs when the cat's lung is torn and/or crushed during direct trauma to the chest. This then impedes the cat's ability to breath and pass arterial blood to a capillary bed in synchrony. Cats suffering from capillary damage may also develop pulmonary fluid in the lungs, as well as hemorrhage

Introduction. Pulmonary contusion refers to the effect of violence on the chest wall during external trauma, which reduces the lung volume and significantly increases the pressure inside the lung, resulting in pulmonary parenchymal congestion and edema; while following the removal of external forces, the chest springs back again to cause secondary injury to the injured lung [] METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five patients with pulmonary contusion, defined as an infiltrate on admission chest x-ray and hypoxemia, were treated over 45 months; 59 patients who required more than 48 hours of mechanical ventilation were initially managed with VCV Treatment of a pulmonary contusion is typically supportive. In other words, there is no true cure for the condition, but the symptoms patients experience from the injury can be alleviated. For shortness of breath, patients can be given supplemental oxygen, administered through a face mask or nasal probe It is seen in all age groups; especially children have contusions limited to lungs because of high mobility of mediastinal tissue and flexibility of thoracic ribs without any fractures [1]. In this case we present a patient who came with thoracic pain. We realized the pulmonary . contusion after taking a detailed history of patient. Cas Pulmonary contusion Pulmonary contusion should be anticipated in any patient who sustains significant, high-energy blunt chest impact. A history of the inciting event and physical findings of chest wall trauma, especially the presence of fractures or a flail segment, increase the odds of having an underlying lesion. The absence o

Pulmonary Contusion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and

For large pulmonary contusions and significant respiratory distress, patients may need to be intubated. Smaller contusions can be managed with conservative management that includes incentive spirometry, pulmonary toilet, pain control and careful fluid administration. Clinical vigilance is needed in patients with pulmonary contusion as they can. الرضة الرئوية هي رضة تصيب الرئة نتيجة لصدمة على الصدر مؤدية إلى إحداث ضرر على الشعيرات الدموية فينتج عن ذلك تكوم الدم والسوائل الأخرى في أنسجة الرئة، فتتداخل السوائل الفائضة مع تبادل الغازات وهوما يحتمل أن يؤدي لنقص. Treatment of pleural effusion is based on the underlying condition and whether the effusion is causing severe respiratory symptoms, such as shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. Diuretics and other heart failure medications are used to treat pleural effusion caused by congestive heart failure or other medical causes Pulmonary Blast Injury • 74 yo woman injured in a bus bombing Jan. 29, 2004 • Admitted with rt rib fxs, pulmonary contusion, hemothorax and amputations rt and lt 2nd digits. • Required 10 days of mechanical ventilatio piratory treatments. She isemployed full-timeas a secretary. DISCUSSION The majority of patients with pulmonary contusion can be managed without intubation by following a treatment plan in­ cluding adequate pain relief, supplemental oxygen, normo­ volemic resuscitation, and aggressive pulmonary toilet. Figure 4

Lung Contusion: A Clinico-Pathological Entity with

A pulmonary contusion is the most common injury to the lung in people who experience blunt trauma to the chest. A bruised lung is also called a pulmonary contusion. Leaving the lungs uncontrolled and bruised can have life-threatening consequences. A pulmonary contusion is the result of injury to the small blood vessels of the lungs Cardiac contusion is an infrequent but occasionally serious complication of deceleration injury. According to ATLS teaching, the true diagnosis of contusion can only be established by direct inspection of the myocardium. The clinically important sequelae of myocardial contusion are hypotension and arrhythmia. Despite recent advances in investigative techniques, myocardial trauma remains an. These include pneumothorax, haemopneumothorax, pulmonary contusions, and a flail chest. Chest radiography is the first-line imaging modality in patients presenting with known injury, followed by a chest CT if needed. Treatment includes pain control, physiotherapy, and mobilisation, and treatment of concomitant injuries

Thoracic Trauma | IntechOpenPulmonary contusion | Radiology Reference ArticleFlail Chest - Injuries; Poisoning - Merck ManualsPPT - TENSION PNEUMOTHORAX PowerPoint Presentation, free

Pulmonary Contusion (Inpatient Care) - What You Need to Kno

Commonly associated injuries include pulmonary contusion and haemothorax; Treatment is directed at the associated injuries; Sternal, clavicular and scapular injuries Sternal fractures. Think of ie myocardial contusion or rupture of the great vessels. Clavicular fractures and dislocations. Fractured clavicle can injure subclavian vein or. Indications for MV In patients with chest trauma. -Flailed chest with paradoxical chest movement, ticket via, hypoxemia, hypercarbia. -Pulmonary contusion with tachypnea and severe hypoxemia (PaO2 less than 60 mmHG breathing 100% 02) -Fractures with chest pains acquiring large doses of respiratory depressant pain control

Acute respiratory distress syndrome - WikipediaTransfusion-related Acute Lung Injury During Intravenous

Pulmonary Contusion - Emergency Managemen

Blunt-force trauma may result in hemoptysis secondary to pulmonary contusion and hemorrhage. Bleeding caused by suffocation, deliberate or accidental, also should be considered. 16 Patient Histor Pulmonary contusion is a bruise of the lung, with alveolar and interstitial hemorrhage and destruction of the pulmonary parenchyma. The subsequent inflammation leads to asymmetric edema, atelectasis, and poor mucous clearance from the airways. These factors lead to progressive ventilation-perfusion mismatch and loss of pulmonary compliance.

PPT - Novel Treatments of Rib Fractures: Hype or FutureMarch 2010, Small Animals Case 1 | OrthoVetSuperSite

A collapsed lung, also known as a pneumothorax, is a condition that occurs when air enters the space between the chest wall and the lung (pleural space). As air builds up, pressure inside the pleural space increases and causes the lung to collapse. The pressure also prevents the lung from expanding when you try to inhale, causing chest pain and. Pulmonary Contusion is the most common potentially lethal Chest Injury. III. Risk Factors: Increased Morbidity. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( COPD) Chronic Kidney Disease. IV. Causes. Blunt Chest Trauma. Motor Vehicle Accident Objectives:Pulmonary contusion (PC) is a clinical entity that often accompanies blunt traumas. We aimed to investigate the radiological and histopathological effects of surfactant treatment in an experimental rat model in which lung contusion was formed by blunt thoracic trauma. Materials and Methods:50 female Sprague-Dawley rats were used BACKGROUND: Pulmonary contusions are thought to worsen outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the effects of pulmonary contusion on mechanically ventilated trauma subjects with severe thoracic injuries and hypothesized that contusion would not increase morbidity. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective review of 163 severely injured trauma subjects (injury severity score ≥ 15) with. Blast lung, hemothorax, pneumothorax, pulmonary contusion and hemorrhage, atrioventricular fistula (source of air embolism), airway epithelial damage, aspiration pneumonitis, sepsis. Digestive Bowel perforation, hemorrhage, ruptured liver or spleen, mesenteric ischemia from air embolism, sepsis, peritoneal irritation, rectal bleeding

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